Cognitive flexibility is the awareness of the fact that every problem or situation has a number of solutions or appropriate responses. Examples of Mental Flexibility From the time you wake up to the time you go to sleep, you use your cognitive flexibility and mental openness almost constantly. Guidance from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) can help employers identify possible accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act for people with mental … Flexibility A good counselor has flexibility in world views and a strong understanding of multicultural issues in clinical practice. What we need is an ability to dynamically regulate the balance between cognitive flexibility and cognitive stability depending on current task demands. From the time you wake up to the time you go to sleep, you use your cognitive flexibility and mental openness almost constantly. In mixed blocks, however, the reverse pattern was observed with faster multiplications than additions. However, to better understand the role of asymmetric switch costs, arithmetic tasks could be complemented with independent measures of the difficulty of each arithmetic operation separately. February 24, 2016 by Judith Hanna, PhD – Danc­ing to the clap­ping of bands. A canonical probe of cognitive flexibility during childhood is the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task (Doebel & Zelazo, 2015; Zelazo, 2006). Consequently, the question of exactly how flexibility relates to arithmetic performance remains largely unanswered. A new situation and its required behaviors must be anticipated and practiced. In rats, impaired set shift is prominent in advanced age (Barense et al., 2002; Nieves-Martinez et al., 2012; Beas et al., 2016; Ianov et al., 2016), and one study in mice indicated no age-related deficit in the ability to shift (Young et al., 2010). Someone who is cognitively flexible will be able to learn more quickly, solve problems more creatively, and adapt and respond to new situations more effectively, which is why it’s so important in both educational settings and the workplace. These cookies do not store any personal information. Show Creative Examples of Cognitive Rigidity. The neural basis of cognitive flexibility has been studied during many periods of development, including early childhood. As expected, children showed asymmetrical switch costs with larger switching costs for additions than for subtractions (i.e., the switch cost is more important when switching from subtractions to additions than the opposite). Wellbeing exists in myriad ways. Another study (Lie et al., 2006) used fMRI to segregate different network components in the frontoparietal and striatal regions underlying the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. This indicates greater functional integration of lateral prefrontal cortex with other brain regions involved in cognitive control with age, which may contribute to developmental differences in cognitive flexibility. Find more ways to say flexibility, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Espinet, Anderson, and Zelazo (2012) tested the possibility that a neural index of conflict resolution in the DCCS might be seen in the downregulation of a neural signature of conflict detection in children who resolved the conflict versus those who did not. This is not a straightforward issue, because only some of the changes around us are relevant and require cognitive flexibility. By S. Renee Smith, Vivian Harte . Alternatively, researchers with an interest in numerical cognition did use the task-switching paradigm to examine the relation across arithmetic operations (e.g., in what way do different arithmetic operations interfere or facilitate each other; see next section) (e.g., Miller & Paredes, 1990; Zbrodoff & Logan, 1986). 9- to 11-year-old children, 14- to 15-year-old adolescents, and 18- to 25-year-old adults sorted bivalent stimuli (e.g., blue rabbit) on some trials and univalent stimuli (e.g., blue bar) on other trials. Using these techniques can help you improve your mental flexibility which in turn can help reduce your worries, improve your relationships and reduce the distress you experience when you get stuck on unhealthy or negative thoughts and behaviors. The fMRI results showed that children and adults both recruited brain regions that included dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left posterior parietal cortex, and left premotor cortex on both rule representation (repeat) and rule switching (switch) trials. It also refers to the ability to process multiple concepts simultaneously such as the color and shape of an object or perspectives of republicans and democrats. A general definition of CF refers to the ability to switch cognitive sets to adapt to environmental modifications or alterations (Dennis & Vander Wal, 2010). It is for this reason that Kashdan and Rotterburg (2010) define psychological flexibility as the measure of how a person: (1) adapts to fluctuating situational demands, (2) reconfigures mental resources, (3) shifts perspective, and (4) balances competing desires, needs, and life domains. 2.6). 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