Helping Otters in the UK The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is classed as “Near Threatened” in the IUCN Red Data List, which means it is near to facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Our vision is of a revitalised wild forest in the Highlands of Scotland, providing space for wildlife to flourish and communities to thrive. The hind feet are larger than the forefeet, to provide greater propulsion while swimming. The spraints usually contain fish bones and have a distinctive, pleasant smell, sometimes compared to that of jasmine tea. The ponds also provide otters with a source of fish, and disused beaver lodges are used by otters for shelter. The existence of sea otter is helping the ecosystem to be balance. With climate change, housing and an ageing demographic key social issues facing the UK in 2020, we take a closer look at what we can do to make society stronger. The Environment Agency can be contacted on 03708 5060506 (ask for the local Biodiversity & Fisheries Officer). 4: Wear waterproof, but silent, clothing. Predation can eat into the profits of those with vested interests in fish, but measures can be taken to prevent otters from taking stock from still-water fisheries. Eurasian otter numbers began declining in the 1950s until the species became almost extinct in England and Wales, although a small population survived in Scotland. Trees for Life is a registered Scottish charity – number SC021303. That's what a half dozen census takers around the U.S. tell The Associated Press. If you’re unsure about anything at all, there are many good otter conservation and education groups that are willing to help you and answer any questions. If it changes its behaviour, then there’s a good chance you have disturbed it and should leave quietly. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. The European otter is classified as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, meaning that it is likely to be considered threatened in the near future. 12: Keep track. The return of otters to the UK. The otter is at the top of the aquatic food chain in much of its range today, with no natural predators. A female otter reaches sexual maturity at between 18 months and 2 years of age, although most breeding begins at between 2 and 3 years. (Copyright on fence and costings image remains the sole property of Joss Faulkner, and should not be reproduced without express permission.). A fish farmer who claims his business was ruined after otters ate all of his 22,000 prized carp has been told his argument for damages is "hopeless". These are very important, as they are used to communicate with other otters. 7: Never remove spraints (dung). Otters are slow to reproduce and most mothers only bear two sets of cubs in their lifetime. In some parts of its range, including India, Pakistan, Burma and Thailand, it is already considered to be Endangered, and in Mongolia it is listed as Critically Endangered. Fortunately, in 2011, the Environment Agency announced their return. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. The European otter is protected in various international conventions, including the European Union’s Habitats and Species Directive and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), where it is listed in Appendix 1, which prohibits all trade in individuals from the wild. We are very happy to advise on any aspect of fishery protection – simply get in touch for more information. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. along a river, and are fiercely defended, sometimes resulting in death. The sinuous otter is an excellent swimmer and can be seen hunting in wetlands, rivers and along the coast - try the west coast of Scotland, West Wales, the West Country or East Anglia for the best views. To grasp its prey, the otter has sharp, non-retractable claws on its feet, which each have five toes. Because of its smart brain, sea otter uses its hand and take a rock to dislodge the invertebrate animal from its shell before the sea otter eats it. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. in body length, with a tail that is up to 45 cm. Otters that live along coastlines feed mainly on crabs and dogfish (Scyliorhinus spp.). The European otter is a medium-sized carnivore in the Mustelidae, or weasel, family, which also includes the pine marten, badger and stoat. (1990). One of the golden rules is to please take your litter home with you, because this can seriously injure all wildlife. However, at some point during a product’s life cycle, some units may develop problems. Changes in traditional farming methods also play a part in threatening the otter via the increasing use … What measures? Territories range in size, depending on the availability of food, and may be up to 3 km. But she must first deal with the ice before she can have her tasty reward. The most common issues with otters center on specialty facilities being invaded by the hungry mammals. Otters have acute hearing and will hear you from a long way off. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. 2. You can also report otter spots to us by clicking here. We will help erect fencing if it is possible and feasible for us to do so; Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. CONNECTORS Otter controls has a selection of electrical connectors and couplers, including wash proof options. This list is not exhaustive, but it gives you the basic rules of professional otter watching. The eyes are located on the top of the head, so that they are above the water when the animal is swimming. (AP Photo/David Becker, File) 2 / 5. © 2020. The return of the otter in England is causing problems for commercial fisheries, which are resorting to unusual remedies. Otters in fish hatcheries, stocked ponds, or private waterways can wreak havoc in a short amount of time. 8: Stay aware. I ordered SAMSUNG OTTER + POP SYMMETRY GALAXY S20 BLACK Item No: 77-64209 and paid extra to have it shipped overnight. 1. Once you locate otters, take note of behaviour, weather and river conditions, numbers, and other general details of what you saw, along with times and dates. However, in the past it is likely that wolves (Canis lupus) preyed on the otter, as wolves in North America today are known to catch the related North American river otter (Lontra canadensis). Otters also have an acute sense of smell! The otter is active mainly at dusk or after dark, and during the day rests in a burrow, known as a holt, that it makes in riverbanks or under the roots of a tree. Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. 8: Stay aware. Otter droppings, or spraints, are often used to mark territory. Whether it a glimpse of water-webbed whiskers, a lithe body porpoising in play, or the tip of a ruddering tail, the sight of a shy otter is one of the most rewarding wildlife experiences in the UK. 11: Seek advice. Otter offers a variety of different themostats including the versatile G-series, robust V series, and the fluid optimised Y1 series. Like all predators, the otter fulfils a regulatory function on the numbers of the species that it preys upon. The dense fur acts as insulation, helping to keep it warm in the water, and the guard hairs are covered in a water-repelling oil, which keeps the skin underneath dry. - 4 - The revised (2006) Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) target for otters in England was for at least 997 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2010 and for 1084 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2015. Since July 1988 at least 300 otters have been run over in England and Wales. Mortality can be high amongst young otters, often due to starvation when they disperse in areas where there are well-defended territories of adults. Males, known as dogs, are longer than the females, which are called bitches. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. The hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus), which is a close relative of the deer tick (Ixodes ricinus), is also a common parasite on otters. Female territories are about half the size of those of the males. Discover where otters live in the UK, how you can spot their signs, and where you can see them for yourself. We are happy to visit fisheries to advise on the best preventative measure(s). Doing so may change otter behaviour patterns and will be VERY detrimental to the species. 3: Know your companions. Please feel free to download and use these sheets free of charge for reference. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). Two species of tapeworms (Diphyllobothrium latum and Diphyllobothrium medium) that are parasites of fish have been found in otters. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. 7: Never remove spraints (dung). If otters fascinate you, below are some interesting otter facts. 1167746 We also hope to work with organisations such as the Angling Trust and Environment Agency (both of whom will also advise on otter predation prevention) to strengthen our position and benefit both angling and otter conservation. It’s important to watch them responsibly, so we’ve produced a simple advice guide to help you to understand the dangers that otters face — and to help you enjoy them as much as we do. Fencing can be a contentious subject for some due to cost, but it needn’t be. Doing so may change otter behaviour patterns and will be VERY detrimental to the species. Traffic injuries are also a problem, as more roads are built through their habitats. Please pass this on to an otter group in that area, so they can add the information to their database for monitoring and survey purposes. If you suspect pollution of watercourses, please call the Environment Agency as a matter of urgency to report this ASAP. In recent years the otter has encountered new and varied threats, including habitat destruction (road building, new urban development), persecution by fishery owners and gamekeepers (as they are seen as a threat to fish and game birds – which is untrue), and if near the sea, injury and capture in fishing nets. 3. The hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus), which is a close relative of the deer tick (Ixodes ricinus), is also a common parasite on otters. Predation by otters can have a serious impact on both private and commercial fisheries. The otter is carnivorous and eats almost exclusively live prey, such as trout (Salmo trutta), young salmon (Salmo salar) and other fish, crustaceans, eels, frogs, water birds and insects. The male plays little, if any, role in rearing the young. This decline was caused by organo-chlorine pesticides. Otters that live in coastal waters need to visit fresh water regularly to clean their fur. on average, although large males have been recorded reaching up to 17 kg. Are otters a problem for freshwater fisheries? The floods of last autumn and winter have compounded the problem. The otter was once widespread throughout the UK and Europe. The otter has good senses of sight, hearing and smell, and the long whiskers on each side of its snout are highly sensitive to touch, helping it to find food in murky conditions underwater. Since these were withdrawn from use, otters … It has large lungs, and its heart rate slows down to conserve oxygen when underwater, enabling the otter to dive for several minutes. Captive otters have been recorded eating an average of 1.5 kg. Mating takes place in the water, and can occur throughout the year; there is no fixed breeding season. A company limited by guarantee, registered in Scotland – company No. One of the major culprits behind the disappearance of otters in the UK is habitat pollution. We do not want to see otters persecuted because people feel they have no other avenue, and we do not want to see beautiful fishing waters closed down when there is help available. Pollution from pesticides, mercury, oil spillages and PCB’s are still a hazard to otter populations in some countries, as well as habitat destruction on land and in the water. Nowadays, these charismatic animals can be seen in every county in the UK. Please feel free to contact us directly if we can help! Recent Stories. I am trying to contact Otterbox for a refund but there is no way to contact them. It does not work as advertised because it won't support wireless charging. Plastic can holders (the type that hold your larger cans together) are a particular hazard to otters as they are inquisitive animals, and often get their head stuck in these, while empty plastic carrier bags pose a potential threat to many species. 1: Do your research. The main problem the otter has faced in the recent past has been habitat loss and hunting by humans, but with conservation efforts addressing those issues in the UK, its population has expanded again, and its future now looks assured here. Jefferies, D. J.; Hanson, H. M.; Harris, E. A. Also shown is a guide of the actual costs (it should be noted that the members of this small non-profit received the materials from the fishery manager). Otters have been recorded on virtually every type of water body. The otter occurs throughout Scotland, both on the mainland, and on many of the islands, including Mull, Skye, the Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland. With Brexit done, the EU has other problems to deal with — starting with ‘illiberal’ Hungary Peter Conradi, Europe Editor Sunday January 03 2021, 12.01am , The Sunday Times With a good membership behind you, the protection can be installed for very little – in almost 100% of cases, for much less than just one prize fish. 5: Always stay downwind. Many people ask us where they can see otters. In parts of their range, otters are also threatened by hunting, and bycatch in some fishing gears (e.g. 2020 Census Homeless. In mainland Europe, otter territories often overlap with those of the European beaver, and the ponds created by beavers are important for otters in rivers where there is little deep water. Otters in England and Wales are mainly found on freshwater systems but they can also exploit coastal habitats, and there is growing evidence that they … Shetland in particular has a dense population of otters, and is estimated to be home to 12% of the UK total for the species. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Organochlorine chemicals which are found in pesticides contaminated rivers in England rendering them uninhabitable for fish and otters. In the UK, the otter is protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act and is listed as a priority species for conservation under the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP). When census takers tried to count the nation's homeless population, they ran into many problems that could threaten the accuracy of the effort. Main navigation. After 10 weeks they are able to swim, but will remain with their mother for up to a year. There will be more Otter inventions soon, I promise! Journal of Zoology. In some areas of western Europe, including … In Europe the otter populations declined substantially in the 1960s and 1970s, due to mortalities caused by pesticide use. The otter’s coat is brown on top, while the underside is a paler cream colour. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. Other Problems Your console has been manufactured under strict quality standards, as required by the regulations governing the manufacture of electronic devices. A major cause of death is injuries sustained in territorial fighting, while others are killed whilst crossing roads or by drowning after getting caught in traps for fish and crustaceans. She wants the treat at the bottom of the bottle. Its range also encompasses Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia in North Africa, Middle Eastern countries from Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan, the Himalayan river valleys of Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan, and parts of Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. We will advise on suitable fencing and how it should be erected; The otter also has some other adaptations that support its aquatic lifestyle, including its sleek, streamlined body shape, the ability to close its nose and ears with flaps of skin when underwater, and webbing between the toes of its feet. After a gestation period of 60-64 days, 2-3 (or sometimes 4) pups are born. Ring pulls and empty cans, for instance, can be a hazard to otters in or near water, not to mention the risk of cutting humans or other wildlife. National survey of otter Lutra lutra distribution in Scotland 2003-04. It is territorial and solitary, and will mark its territory with spraints, or droppings that are left on distinctive points, such as rocks or fallen trees. Although it was previously widespread in Japan, it is now believed to be extinct there. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. While hunting and habitat loss played a part, pollution of our waterways from agricultural chemicals was devastating to otter populations. of food per day. A physical barrier that otters cannot climb over, pass through or under is the most effective deterrent for managed stillwater fisheries and fish farms. Individuals are up to 90 cm. Otter Nuisance Concerns: Otters are mischievous by nature and this makes them ingenious when it comes to creating problems in human environments. "It's not physically possible for them to spread very quickly," said Yoxon. Unlike other parts of the UK, where they occur mainly in freshwater ecosystems (rivers and lakes), otters in Scotland live along coastlines, as well as in lochs and rivers. … This information may get into the wrong hands. They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. Search. SC143304, with registered offices at The Park, Findhorn Bay, Forres, Moray, IV36 3TH. A high number population of sea urchin can be reduce and reach its normal number of population because sea otter feeds on it. If you’re going out with another photographer, ensure that you know them and their behaviour, and that you’re both on the same page. If you have any ideas for an invention then please do let me know. We are unable to confirm exact number of otters, but we can give simple advice to enable both species to co-exist. I can add it to my list of ‘very important things to invent really soon’. 9: Never disclose exact locations on public or social media sites. Otter numbers plummeted in Britain in the 1950s due largely to pollution from pesticides and habitat loss. The main problem the otter has faced in the recent past has been habitat loss and hunting by humans, but with conservation efforts addressing those issues in the UK, its population has expanded again, and its future now looks assured here. 2: Prioritise species safety. In the UK, otters almost became extinct in the fifties and sixties because of rivers contaminated with chemical residues. and the use of this iconic species to raise awareness of pollution problems and the benefits of action to improve the environment. VAT No. A detailed survey in 2003-04 of 1,376 sites all over the country found evidence of otters at 92% of them, including in large urban areas such as Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee. Origin & Distribution: The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. However, we can help those affected. Like most wild mammals, the otter is host to a range of parasites, and these include a common trematode (Pseudamphistomum truncatum) and a fluke (Metorchis albidus), which have been found in otter gall bladders. Dodson claims the Environment Agency reintroduced otters to a nearby river without informing him and that the otters ate all the stocked fish in … These are very important, as they are used to communicate with other otters. Here you’ll find many useful information sheets about otters, and what to do if you happen to find one. The otter’s droppings are known as spraint and otters use them to mark their territories How to recognise In the UK otters can only really be confused with the introduced American mink, but otters are much larger (95-130cm in length, including tail), with a distinctive white throat. Considerable advice is available to establish whether it is otters that are causing problems to a fishery, and if so whether compromise measures such as decoy ponds etc might be sufficient. Copyright © 2019 Uk Wild Otter Trust | Designed by Kinlake, Otter factfile: What they’re like, threats, and how to find them, What to do if you find a live otter or cub, Click here for advice on how to find otters. With a range of cover options, switching temperatures and certifications, Otter has a thermostat for your next project. Dinosaur Dental Suit otter 2016-10-26T12:00:52+01:00. Several factors … We all know that we’re unable to fence every mile of water, and also that otters are here to stay as a (rightfully) protected species. in length along the coast, or from 5-20 km. Otter waste can also be an issue … Skip to main content The Wildlife Trusts. They say to use chat but no one answers at chat - even during the work hours they are open. Their weight ranges from 7-12 kg. Therefore, we are happy to offer the following to affected fisheries (free of charge to successful applicants): 1. The otter can live for up to 10 years, but in the wild its average lifespan is often 3-4 years. These are covered in fur, but have their eyes closed for the first 5 weeks. The European or Eurasian otter is the most widely-distributed of the world’s 12 otter species, and it occurs throughout Europe and much of Northern Asia, including Russia, China and the Korean peninsula. Aside from polluted habitats, hunting also contributed to the decline in their population. The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. It is an opportunistic feeder, taking whatever prey is available, and is also known to eat small mammals, including young European beavers (Castor fiber). About us. Historically, otters Lutra lutra occurred over most of the UK. 605079649. nets and traps). 10: Always keep dogs on leads – no matter how well behaved they may be –and under control near watercourses and rivers, especially if you know that otters may be nearby. The prevalence of Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda) and Corynosoma strumosum (Acanthocephala) in otters Lutra lutra from coastal sites in Britain. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/otters-protection-surveys-and-licences long. Below are some illustrations of fencing that has been successfully installed to prevent otter predation. Anti-Climbing Suit otter 2016-10-26T12:00:52+01:00. In recent years, though, the otter has recovered considerably in the UK and much of Europe due to conservation efforts and the banning of pesticides such as dieldrin. Charity Registration Number - SEE OUR SELECTION. Otters also have an acute sense of smell! Anti-Spider Protection Vehicle otter 2016-11-22T10:36:29+00:00. UK Election 2015: most important personal issues Share of HK residents who are very satisfied with press freedom HK 2012-2018 Italy: electoral expense reimbursements 2011-2016

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