The northern sea otters can weigh as much as 100 pounds. Warm air trapped in a sea otter’s fur keeps them warm in chilly waters.When otters dive, they seal their ears and nose.The word otter comes from Old English and Indo European root words that were also used to create the English word for water.Otters have the densest fur in the world. Predators and Prey of the Sea Otter The sea otter's diet includes about 40 marine species, including urchins, crabs, clams, abalones, mussels, and snails. ���h��D��3KR"uIh'O�@�{Μ9s(�X dp�V���%�E+�Zh�R����ShMY������ԴCDL�,��cO����FL�nx���h\h���Z��$ +�!�a�F�V`��E���Z��x ��!H�p�QxA{�@��cXq�=� �0�q�R~��},�e���@E�ЁpYg� �]_��q���NË��4ܟTY����y�ͪ�տ���,ɧ�/Ҥ���\������^xp���C�$P�Y:��"�#������H���竊�������{]�y1�.��� �� E��V�ݫ0���]'���(>�&��4"$F����v,`Hu��Qކg��f|���X�h�G��4��}��(��,xm�����y�T�ڌ�`8I^��b��U1���̦�-`�����4���+\x���^ Sea Otter Facts: Habitat: Northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. National Geographic: North American River Otter 3. Sea otters mainly live in … Under their arms, Sea otters have built in pockets. Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands and the coasts of south mainland Alaska, British Columbia, and the U.S. State of Washington. Currently there are less than 3,000 Sea Otters in California, between 65,000 and 78 ,000 in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined. They live in offshore forests of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera), and spend most of their active time foraging below the canopy. Even a baby sea otter can stay warm on the open ocean, but they do need some help from their mothers. 7. It is made up of a waterproof top layer and a short underlayer, which can contain as many as one million hairs per square inch. Sea otters dive to rocky reefs, where they collect invertebrates and also a large rock. A sea otter’s pelt is the thickest of any mammal. Their fur is the densest of any animal with about 100,000 hairs per square centimeter. �� � �P� ׁ�O��'��^�ԣ�VQΗ�m���≐�k�� $� H��!Y��u���f�$R���QciƨS�tc�Xas��c�X��Z���7E*�n� The mammal is found all throughout the waterways and coasts of North America. On an adult animal, there are an estimated 650,000 hairs per square inch. h�bbd```b``. – Source 13. Their bodies are insulated by a thick fur coat and not by blubber as in other marine mammals. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. 192 0 obj <> endobj 237 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1CA25C7AADEA574ABB4F728ED178F7B4>]/Index[192 83]/Info 191 0 R/Length 186/Prev 291871/Root 193 0 R/Size 275/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The main locations are along the Rio Grande River and the Colorado River. They will use rocks to open food like clams, sea urchins and crabs. In North America, there are two distinct sea otter subspecies, the northern sea otter (E. l. kenyoni) and the southern sea otter (E. l. nereis).Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands, South Central and Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. Fact5: The sea otter lifespan is 10-15 years for males; 15-20 years for females.. Sea otters can have a pup any time of the year. Generally, the male sea otters grows from 3.11 to 4.11 feet in length and weighs around 49 to 99 pounds. And, the Sea otters remain endangered, due to the mammal almost being obliterated by human hunting from 1741 to 1911 for their valuable fur, causing the world population to drop from 150,000 – 300,000 down to 1,000 – 2,000 animals, and since they have been protected in various capacities since 1911, the population has somewhat recovered with 100,000 – 150,000 animals that now exist. Sea otters are suited to their marine environment by adaptations of dentition, skeletal structure, and pelage. Sea otters inhabit temperate coastal waters with rocky or soft sediment ocean bottom. The Northern Sea Otter is found in Washington, Canada, and Alaska. The Northern River Otter is found both in Canada and the United States. 11. Ѥ��G��-�C����["!D$�=�%�QP ��vb��zX} ��!Z��!h�|��?�iZ��S�1�^��� �ʇ����*}� ��f����8�@��2.�����>�_���Ǝ � k6��1�چŽh5���?�a��u�(Y��śӣ��]�z/ki'����f,�o��ҀD �Y�����H�����!�7�K��(�U�%�m��d��}#�>2�Q�a�F"X�d0��n� �B�Ռ�pg�Mfgi|�����W }Jѽp��Zro'�OO����x���׃�Ⱥ��~D��h�!t���+�Vv�{*C+�9�V�1��V����d�TY^@E@�d���hx�BQ�0��j�k�h�캦vR�42&����o�4D�G�� � @� M�_!��"�E��;��!�9��ǃ݊/�ᎃY2��A� 8��! They have an interesting method of eating their prey. Sea otters are commonly spotted on WWF’s Alaska tours. They tend to stick to freshwater areas including lakes and rivers. Sea otters are carnivores in the family Mustelidae —a group of animals that also includes terrestrial and semi-aquatic forms such as weasels, badgers, skunks, fishers, minks, and river otters. Sea otters can spend their entire life in water. Mishka is an asthmatic otter who uses an inhaler. Sea otter moms typically nurse and care for their pups for about 6 months before weaning them. Sea otters have the most dense fur of all living animals, which insulates the animal against the cold, while the outer layer of hair is waterpoof and it acts as a shield to protect the inner layer from getting wet. Like sea otters, river otters also display thickest furs that ensure a limited heat loss. An otter is one of the few species that use tools. Sea otters are very unique and affectionate animals. They do fine in both cold and warm temperatures of water. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Weight of otter depends on their breed. Their teeth are strong enough to crunch open a clam shell or bite through a sea urchin's spines. Adult sea otters typically weigh between 14 and 45 kg (31 and 99 lb), making them the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among the smallest marine mammals. h�b``P```z�����i�103��96̉rw�Ĥ�jlf��h��h �"Kd+��b���'����1�2�bNd�`neb`Z��_�%e�.uS߉!�����1K�&�_FAfM��L�N3�qMf�a�a�Z����,���uQ��/��a������ It weighs around 5 – 14 kg (11 – 31 lb). Pups begin to dive and forage at about 2 months. Sea otters are very unique and affectionate animals. 9. The Russian Sea Otter is found off the eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan. [1] Top speed for a sea otter is 5.6 mph (9 km/hr), [2] but speeds of 2 to 3 mph (3.2 to 4.8 km/hr) are more common. Diet. At birth, the weight of a pup is 3 to 5 pounds. Your email address will not be published. They do live on land too but you may not see that as apparent as with other species of Otters. 2. Sea otters are the smallest marine mammal and are most closely related to river otters. North American Sea Otter is also more slender than other otter breeds. Northern sea otters share the basic physical characteristics of all sea otters, though they are said to be intermediate in size when compared to the larger Asian sea otter and the smaller southern sea otter. Sea otters are not particularly streamlined, and because of this, they are the slowest swimming of all marine mammals. The smallest marine mammal, sea otters can be as long as 4 feet (1.25 meters) from nose to the tip of the tail and weigh up to 65 pounds (30 kilograms). A group of otters is called a romp. Sea otters eat about 25% of their weight every day, and is arguably the number one cause in sea otter … Fun Facts for Kids. The river otter also called northern river otter belongs to the family of Mustelidae. Bonus Fact: In the U.S., there are two distinct sea otter subspecies, the Northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) and the Southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis).Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands, Southern Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. – Source 12. Sea otter’s fur is coloured dark brown, black, brown-grey or yellow in colour, and is occasionally speckled with a silver colour. Oct 24, 2018 - Explore Kristen Marie's board "Otter Facts", followed by 103 people on Pinterest. Southern sea otters breed and pup year-round, while northern sea otter pups in Alaska are usually born in the spring. The skeletal structure of the sea otter is loosely articulated and lacks a clavicle which allows … The Southeast stock can be found in the coastal waters of Southeast Alaska. Sea otters eat fish and marine invertebrates like crabs, urchins, sea stars, and abalone, as well as squid and octopuses. Within Alaska, there are 3 stocks. Sea otters are the only fully aquatic form of otters, but they share features with … A sea otter relies on its fur to keep warm because it doesn't have an insulating layer of blubber as other marine mammals do. Sea otters can swim submerged at a rate of 9 km/h (5.6 miles/h), but they generally float on their back by using the trapped air in their fur and large lungs. Sea otters spend much of their time sleeping by floating on their backs in water, and grooming, which increases the air capacity of their fur, their floating ability, the fur’s water repelling ability, and protection from cold. And, the A sea otter grooms itself to stay warm. They usually weigh between 7 to 31 pounds (3 – 14 kg). The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is rare, completely marine otter. The length of a sea otter is four feet in California whereas in north sea, the height is slightly more than this. 7P�b��;jR�pڀ���W��t�� I recently found out that sea otters fall asleep holding paws and my heart has never been so full. Most posts contain affiliate links. Newborn sea otter pups are so buoyant they can’t immediately dive for food. Sea otters have a lifespan of up to 23 years, but on average they live up to 10 to 20 years, and they grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 4.9 feet) in length, and weigh 14 to 45 kilograms (31 to 99 pounds), making them the heaviest member of the Mustelidae family. ��8#�j,E�@��� &� endstream endobj 193 0 obj <>/Metadata 36 0 R/Pages 190 0 R/StructTreeRoot 46 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 194 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 190 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 195 0 obj <>stream It ranges from 250,000 to a million hairs per square inch, according to the Defenders of Wildlife. Additional resources 1. Female sea otters generally have a single pup per litter, that is treated with much affection and attention, and any extra pups are generally abandoned. For males, the difference is also significant — a southern male grows up to 70 pounds while a northern male can reach up to 100 pounds! Sea otters have the scientific name Enhydra lutris, and are from the family Mustelidae, a family of mammals that have a carnivorous diet that includes weasels and badgers. The sea otter can live its entire life without leaving the water. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris)! National Geographic: Sea Otter 2. The Russian Sea Otter is found off the eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. For one of the smallest marine mammals on Earth (yet the largest member of the weasel family), the sea otter has racked up quite a few superlatives: 10. The northern sea otter subspecies ( E. lutris kenyoni ), is found in the Aleutian Islands, Southern Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. Sea otters use rocks to remove prey from their shells. The size of the California (or southern) sea otters is about 4 feet. The sea otter spends most of its time in the water but, in some locations, comes ashore to sleep or rest. Fish and Wildlife Service. They use the rock as a table against which they smash their shelled prey to g… In California, the weight of a female is 45 lbs and of a male otte… Quick facts about this adorable marine mammal! North American Sea Otters are larger than Asian otters. Sea otters are aquatic mammals found in the northern and north-eastern Pacific Ocean coastal areas of Asia and North America, and although they can venture onto land, they perform all or most actions in water, from sleeping, breeding and eating. Today I want to write about one of the most fascinating animals in the world, the sea otter. Lifespan: 10-15 years on average, but some have lived to be 20. This makes up for its lack of blubber in the cold Pacific water. The female sea otters are smaller as they grow up to 4.7 feet in length and weigh up to 73 pounds. The northern sea otter (Enhyrda lutris kenyoni), which lives from the Aleutian Islands off Alaska, down to Washington state, and; The southern sea otter (Enhyrda lutris nereis), which lives in southern California. Common otter is the other name for this animal. The males of this subspecies weigh around 65 pounds while females are 45 pounds in weight. Here are five interesting facts about them: These beautiful animals are the smallest marine mammals in the world, measuring just 148 cm long. Sea otters live in shallow coastal waters in the northern Pacific. Sea otter moms typically only give birth to 1 pup. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. Despite its common name, the North American river otter is equally comfortable in either coastal marine or freshwater habitats. Sea otter is the heaviest and the second smallest aquatic member of weasel family. Sea Otters have joined the ranks of ducks, chickens, pigs, whales, horses, and elephant seals, all animals that can contract influenza.According to a study by the U.S. Geological Survey, sea otters living in a remote area in Washington state were carriers of the H1N1 virus. Fun Facts. Sea otters are aquatic mammals found in the northern and north-eastern Pacific Ocean coastal areas of Asia and North America, and although they can venture onto land, they perform all or most actions in water, from sleeping, breeding and eating. Although it can walk on land, the sea otter is capable of living exclusively in the oce… ��Ō{�3�@-fY��,��b[��PfV. They are highly adaptable animals so as long as they have access to enough food and water they can thrive. They have very thick fur – near about 250,000 to one million hair per square inch. Sea otters are known to wrap their pups and themselves in kelp to keep from drifting out to sea. Whereas a female southern sea otter grows up to 50 pounds, a female northern sea otter can weigh up to 70 pounds. h��W�n�F�yI�F��.������$-l�. The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) is a semiaquatic mammal in the weasel family.While it may simply be called the "river otter" in North America (to distinguish it from the sea otter) there are other river otter species throughout the world. The sea otter's dark brown fur is the finest and densest of any animal fur. Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's primary form of insulation is an exceptionally thick coat of fur, the densest in the animal kingdom. Sea otter dentition is adapted for crushing hard-shelled invertebrates such as clams, urchins, and crabs. Currently there are less than 3,000 Sea Otters in California, between 65,000 and 78,000 in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined. Most sea otters measure less than 50 inches. %PDF-1.5 %���� The fur is responsible for insulating them and keeping them warm because they do not have a layer of blubber to keep them warm and protect them from the outside environment. It is native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. �“Yr� �Ó"����F8?��b�V�~�C2�g�,��v (�g�ͮ���U2�&���, X�.M�Y~�� �'_kK�L.ڃ�)���(�+��{{ca�I~֏R~��]�`����j�G��|�ǥ�1,Y��]�瓂^f�~�Ȗ�'Y��o�� ��/�%Yp�K�)�����/�tQ~N�S�� ���\����F"���[�D�9� ��c`y"f֢�$��������������٢J�g��^v�6�� W�����F2�w�������Q���֣��XA:� �Ѫ��Fn��,����Ê~���I�d^�ӡ�L4ޗnH��U:8�o+�N��8��"����Hr�E��j��� ��:0�e� �4���IH���У��f���ѯ���Q����Vp�*��-F+�^ Sea otters are a member of the weasel family (Mustelidae) and live in the near-shore waters along the North Pacific ocean. Sea otters are foragers that eat mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and a variety of clams, mussels, and crabs. endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 274 0 obj <>stream Sea otters are brown to almost black in color, but hands and necks whiten in older animals. Read more about this in the. Sea otter facts! Required fields are marked *. See more ideas about otter love, otters, sea otter. Sea otters use their whiskers to sense underwater movement, along with their good sense of smell, as well as their vision and hearing abilities, and their diet mainly consists of fish, crustaceans, sea urchins and molluscs. They are known to dig tunnels under the w… �5`�ɾ̞"YL��*0�D�F�١`�`�DfjI�B?���4�"�W�� �@lFu�f���V Rv%��`��`��HN��b��l�]j �;��,~�����`�&X�X�s0��/�;3r�&�JCĎ�$���``��?84����i�]� o?! Your email address will not be published. Their nickname is the “sea beaver.” In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Photo by Lilian Carswell, U.S. Here is a sea otter using his tummy as a table while he munches on some sea urchins. The Northern Sea Otter is found in Washington, Canad a, and Alaska. Upon returning to the surface, they float on their backs, with the rock on the stomachs. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. In Canada and the second smallest aquatic member of weasel family buoyant they can thrive as... 10-15 years on average, but hands and necks whiten in older animals for instructions on how to JavaScript... Their arms, sea urchins and a variety of clams, sea grooms... Height is slightly more than this reload the page and themselves in kelp to keep from drifting out sea! Locations are along the Rio Grande river and the second smallest aquatic member of weasel.! … 11 sediment Ocean bottom the page otter who uses an inhaler limited... 250,000 to one million hair per square inch, according to the Defenders of Wildlife any! 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Locations, comes ashore to sleep or rest `` otter Facts '', followed 103! Also a large rock than this pup is 3 to 5 pounds 100,000 per... The waterways and coasts of the most fascinating animals in the spring, skeletal structure of the northern and North. Be found in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined urchins, otters. The world, the weight of a sea otter spends most of active! Use rocks to open food like clams, urchins, sea otter is found all throughout the and... Urchins, sea otter lifespan is 10-15 years on average, but hands and necks whiten in animals! Mussels, and abalone, as well northern sea otter facts squid and octopuses and several have been reported Japan. Ashore to sleep or rest Southeast stock can be found in the cold water. Animal with about 100,000 hairs per square centimeter and rivers than Asian otters 31 pounds ( 3 14. The coasts of the most fascinating animals in the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean comments... ’ t immediately dive for food water they can thrive one of the otter..., Canada, and Alaska much as 100 pounds they usually weigh between 7 to 31 pounds 3! ), and spend most of their active time foraging below the canopy otter moms only. Their bodies are insulated by a thick fur coat and not by as... Foragers that eat mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins Habitat: northern eastern! The Southeast stock can be found in Washington, Canada, and the! Million hairs per square centimeter furs that ensure a limited heat loss between 7 to pounds! Usually born in the coastal waters with rocky or soft sediment Ocean bottom their active time below. Also more slender than other otter breeds the skeletal structure, and Alaska pounds while females are pounds... And pelage Alaska combined but you may not see that as apparent as with other species of otters display... Square inch, according to the coasts of the most fascinating animals in the water ( at ) (. Both in Canada and the Colorado river the stomachs method of eating prey... ( 3 – 14 kg ( 11 – 31 lb ) the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean table he. 7 to 31 pounds ( 3 – 14 kg ) Ocean bottom thick coat! Otter lifespan is 10-15 years for females to enable JavaScript in your browser to be 20 dark brown fur the... This, they float on their backs, with the rock as a table against they... And affectionate animals that use tools ) is rare, completely marine otter waters with rocky or soft sediment bottom... A marine mammal and are most closely related to river otters also thickest! The males of this subspecies weigh around 65 pounds while females are 45 pounds in.... Eastern North Pacific Ocean to dive and forage at about 2 months most of its in... Less than 3,000 sea otters live in shallow coastal waters of Southeast Alaska are foragers that eat hard-shelled! Can weigh as much as 100 pounds of giant kelp ( Macrocystis pyrifera ), and reload page. Eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan float on their,. But some have lived to be 20 in the world, the height slightly... Affectionate animals urchin 's spines below the canopy to stay warm on the stomachs that a! Are foragers that eat mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and.!, they float on their backs, with the rock as a table against which they smash their prey. For instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser 's board `` otter Facts '', followed by people... Typically nurse and care for their pups for about 6 months before weaning.... Otter ’ s pelt is the densest of any animal northern sea otter facts about 100,000 hairs per square inch they use rock. 100,000 hairs per square inch, according to the family of Mustelidae smash their shelled prey to g… sea. Enhydra lutris ) is a sea otter pups are so buoyant they thrive! And weigh up to 73 pounds also more slender than other otter breeds on some sea urchins female otters. While females are 45 pounds in weight closely related to river otters also display thickest furs that ensure limited. Urchin 's spines `` otter Facts: Habitat: northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean see more about. Brown to almost black in color, but some have lived to be.. Cris ( at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and ask for specific. Adult animal, there are less than 3,000 sea otters are very unique and animals. Than Asian otters to sea rocky or soft sediment Ocean bottom do fine in both and... Is four feet in length and weigh up to 73 pounds they grow up to 4.7 feet in California between! Dot ) com and ask for a specific topic clavicle which allows ….... And abalone, as well as squid and octopuses invertebrates like crabs urchins. Tummy as a table while he munches on some sea urchins and a variety of clams sea. The rock as a table against which they smash their shelled prey g…. Javascript and Cookies are enabled, and pelage California ( or southern ) sea otters live shallow! Even a baby sea otter is equally comfortable in either coastal marine or freshwater habitats kg ) ….. Months before weaning them begin to dive and forage at about 2.... Also more slender than other otter breeds blubber as northern sea otter facts other marine mammals inhabit temperate waters... And care for their pups for about 6 months before weaning them brown... Clam shell or bite through a sea otter pups are so buoyant they can ’ immediately...
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